Pre-Departure COVID-19 PCR Swab Test At Home In Singapore

Do you need a PCR test before your travel? Do you prefer to do it at home due to the COVID-19 spread in Singapore?

MaNaDr, a Telemedicine application, can help you conduct the Pre-Departure COVID-19 PCR Swab Test in order to meet the requirements of your transiting airport or travel destination right in the comfort of your home.

Get a PDT test at the convenience of your own house
Get a PDT test at the convenience of your own house.

What is the Pre-Departure COVID-19 PCR Swab Test?

The Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test, this COVID-19 test, also known as a molecular test, detects the virus’s genetic material using a laboratory technique known as polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A fluid sample is obtained by inserting a long nasal swab (nasopharyngeal swab) into your nostril and removing fluid from the back of your nose.

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, many countries and regions require you to take a COVID-19 Pre-Departure Test (PDT) and present a valid negative result before you are allowed to transit or enter. Countries, regions that require a PDT usually only accept a PCR test and the test must be performed in a recognized, or accredited clinic, medical facility, or laboratory.

Advantages of Pre-Departure COVID-19 PCR Swab Test at home

Time-saving & Convenient

There is no need to call clinics or hospitals and book an appointment for a PCR test in the middle of the day when its staff or you are both busy.

All you need to do is to book in with your preferred date and time, and our team will come to you to perform the test.

Stop the spread of infection

Using an at-home Pre-Departure PCR swab test from MaNaDr can help reduce the spread of infection, especially Coronavirus. You can stay at home, avoid crowded waiting rooms, and keep your germs to yourself.

Authorized by MOH

Our home swab test service is approved by the Singapore Ministry Of Health.

HAS-approved laboratories

How can MaNaDr help you?

We only deploy qualified swabbers

All swab services are administered by our team of certified swabbers. On top of that, our team of swabbers is also specially trained by our qualified doctors

We’ll take care of everything for you

Our swabbers will come to your house with the necessary personal protective equipment and PCR test kits.

All you have to do is sit back and wait to be tested.

Deliver result within 24hours

We will notify you of the results of your COVID-19 test within 24 hours and send you the results memo via your email address. You are advised to print this for easy reference while traveling.

The PCR COVID-19 Swab Test at home process

Step 1

Go to MaNashop, search ‘PDT Home Swab’ and purchase the swab package.

Step 2

Wait for our response. We will respond to you as soon as possible. Our customer support office will contact you for more information.

Step 3

Swabber will arrange a time to visit your house. The swab will be conducted at your house with Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for the prevention of COVID-19 transmission. Each swab test will take approximately 15-30 minutes.

Step 4

You will receive the result of your swab test on your mobile phone within 24 hours.

What you should know

  • Your PCR swab test should be performed 48 to 72 hours before your flight, depending on the requirements of your destination country.
  • According to MOH COVID -19 guidelines, the minimum age for a swab test is 13 years old.
  • Do not eat or drink anything for 30 minutes before swabbing.
  • Check to see if you or your loved ones are experiencing any symptoms such as fever, coughing, breathing difficulties, or fatigue.
  • During the swab, only a maximum of four people may be present.
  • Swabbing should be done in a well-ventilated area.
  • At all times, keep a safe distance of one meter.
  • While the results are being processed, practice self-quarantine at home.
a PDT COVID-19 PCR Swab Test done in the comfort of your home
Have peace of mind with a PDT COVID-19 PCR Swab Test done in the comfort of your home or anywhere in Singapore.

Top questions about Pre-Departure COVID-19 PCR Test at home

How long will the PCR swab tests take?

The swab test will take 15 minutes. Please keep in mind that our staff will spend 5 minutes verifying some of your personal information, such as your name and ID/passport number, before performing the swab test at your home.

Where do I find the testing requirements for my destination?

The timeframe for taking the test varies and depends on the country’s entry requirements. You can learn more about the testing requirements for each country by visiting the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ website.

What do I need to prepare for the day of my test?

On the day of your test, please have ready:

  • Identity card and passport
  • Flight details

You are advised to reduce contact with other individuals before the swab test results are released.

What is the cost of Pre-Departure COVID-19 PCR Test at home?

It costs $168 Nett per pax.

There will be no consultation fees or additional charges for this service unless a doctor’s consultation is required for other acute conditions or a medication prescription is issued.

What happens after the COVID-19 PCR swab test

It takes 15 minutes to complete the COVID-19 PCR Swab Test. To reduce your chances of contracting COVID-19 before the swab test results are available, you should limit your contact with other people.

A results memo will be emailed to you within 24 hours, and you are advised to print this for reference during your travel.

What happens if my COVID-19 PCR test result is positive?

If the COVID-19 PCR Swab Test result is positive, we will be unable to issue a memo for your travel.

Immediate action:

  • You should immediately self-isolate from other household members in a separate room, preferably with an attached bathroom. Do not interact with anyone.
  • Do not leave your house. There is no need to go to the hospital or call 995.
  • Stay calm and monitor your health.
  • Please visit the website https://www.covid.gov.sg/ to find out what you should do next.

Download ManaDr for patient at:

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Tips To Lower Blood Sugar Levels Naturally

High blood sugar levels occur when your body doesn’t make enough or effectively use insulin, the hormone responsible for regulating blood glucose. High blood sugar is associated with diabetes.

Let us help to lower blood sugar levels naturally and effectively with few useful tips

Exercise regularly

Exercise helps to lower blood sugar levels
Regular exercise helps your muscles use glucose for energy and muscle contraction, which will lower your blood sugar levels

Regular exercise doesn’t just help you keep your weight in check, it also increases insulin sensitivity. It also helps your muscles use glucose for energy and muscle contraction, which will lower your overall levels.

Drink water and stay hydrated

Drinking water regularly helps rehydrate the blood, lower blood sugar levels, and could reduce diabetes risk

Keep in mind that water and other non-caloric beverages are best. Sugar-sweetened drinks raise blood glucose, drive weight gain, and increase diabetes risk

Keep an eye on your carb intake

Eating too many carbohydrates can cause blood sugar levels to go up.

Portion control is the best way to monitor your carb intake and therefore reduce blood sugar levels.

There are several ways you can help yourself control portion sizes and stop yourself from overeating: Using smaller plates, checking food labels for serving sizes, and keeping a food journal are all effective ways of reducing portion sizes. Eating slowly is also an established way to reduce the amount you eat.

Fill up on fiber

Fiber is another nutrient you’ll want to keep an eye on for blood sugar management, but in this case, the more the better! It can help stabilize your blood sugars. It also plays a role in weight management and lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease

Vegetables, fruits are high in fiber can help stabilize your blood sugars.
Vegetables, fruits that are high in fiber can help stabilize your blood sugars.

Foods that are high in fiber include:

The recommended daily intake of fiber is about 25 grams for women and 38 grams for men. That’s about 14 grams for every 1,000 calories

Get a handle on stress

Stress can affect your blood sugar levels. When you’re stressed, insulin levels fall, certain hormones rise, and more glucose is released from the liver. Exercises and relaxation methods like yoga and mindfulness-based stress reduction may also help correct insulin secretion problems in chronic diabetes


Reference: CDC US, Center for disease control and prevention, Diabetes Basics

Healthline, 15 Easy Ways to Lower Blood Sugar Levels Naturally

Everyday Health, 10 Tips to Lower Blood Sugar Naturally


Other articles you may interest in:

  1. 5 Reasons You MUST Moisturize Your Skin
  2. Common Fertility Myths You Should Know 
  3. Food Allergy Vs Food Intolerance: Here’s What Most People Don’t Know



5 Reasons You MUST Moisturize Your Skin

Our skin is the body’s largest organ and requires regular attention to stay young, blemish-free, and healthy. Daily moisturizing is vital for healthy skin, yet some think of it as an aesthetically-inclined habit. Here is the reason why MaNaDr thinks you must moisturize your skin. 

Moisturizing helps your skin stay young

The most sensitive areas of your skin – the face, ears, neck, and chest – replace themselves more often than any other area on your skin. This daily loss of skin cells leaves these areas vulnerable to dryness and the elements – in fact, they are the highest-risk areas for skin cancer. Moisturizing can help give your sensitive skin the boost it needs to repair itself and stay healthy.

Moisturizing can reduce the appearance of other blemishes

Freshly moisturized skin has a healthy sheen, which can even out any existing blemishes. Some moisturizers have some tint or self-tanner that can work with any skin tone.

Moisturizing reduces the chances of skin problems

Using the right kind of moisturizer for your skin can help maintain its balance. When skin is too dry or too oily, many common skin problems like acne start to pop up. According to dermatologist Dr. Ted Lain, if your skin tends to be oily, you should look for lotions instead of creams, and try to find a moisturizer with exfoliant ingredients. If your skin tends to be dry, look for a cream – they tend to have a higher oil content.

Moisturizing fights wrinkles. 

That plump, firm feeling in your face after moisturizing isn’t an illusion. According to the British Journal of Dermatology, people with properly moisturized skin accumulate wrinkles at just a fraction of the rate of those with dry skin.

It’s the perfect end to a hot shower.

A hot shower feels great and invigorating, but it strips the moisture right out of your skin. Taking just a minute to put on some moisturizer will make sure your skin isn’t only clean, but protected from the stresses of the day and feeling great.

Make sure you’re choosing a moisturizer that works for your skin. Here are some of Manadr’s recommendations:

Yasai Facial Spa cream- natural Spa treatment at home
C E Ferulic 30ML + Skin Ceuticals H.A Intensifier + Skin Ceuticals Hydrating B5
MaNaSkin Daily Moisturising Cream

Other articles you may be interested in:

  1. Common Fertility Myths You Should Know 
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Common Fertility Myths You Should Know

There are a lot of myths related to getting pregnant, and even well-meaning friends and fellow moms can perpetuate misconceptions

Here are some common infertility myths and what you really need to know.

Myth 1: Infertility is almost always a woman’s problem.

Fact: When there’s an identifiable cause of infertility, about half the time men contribute to the problem, according to Resolve, a national infertility organization. Resolve explains that a male factor is responsible in about 35 percent of infertile couples, and male and female factors together contribute to the problem in another 20 percent.

Asian man shouting at his Wife. He thinks that infertility is her problems
Infertility is not always a woman’s problem.

Myth 2: Women don’t start to lose their fertility until their late 30s or early 40s.

Fact: According to a report in the journal Human Reproduction, a woman’s fertility starts to decline at age 27, although this isn’t clinically significant. Most women of this age can still get pregnant, of course, but it might take a few more months of trying. But by the time a woman reaches 35, her chances of getting pregnant during any particular attempt are about half of what they were between the ages of 19 and 26.

Myth 3: Just Relax and You’ll Get Pregnant Right Away.

Fact:  Infertility has to do with your reproductive system, not your nervous system so relaxation alone won’t help anyone become a parent.

Infertile couples should schedule a doctor’s appointment. One or both partners may have a correctable medical condition that stands in the way of conception.

Sad parent complaining holding a pregnancy test
Infertility has to do with your reproductive system, so relaxation alone won’t help anyone become a parent.

Myth 4: A man’s fertility doesn’t change with age.

Fact: While some men can father children into their 80s or 90s, male fertility isn’t age-proof. As reported in Human Reproduction, a man’s fertility usually begins to dip after about age 35. The decline is generally slow and gradual, but it can speed up dramatically if a man develops a condition that hampers sperm production (such as an infection in the genital tract).

Myth 5: People who have been pregnant before won’t face fertility issues

Fertility issues don’t just impact first-timers. Even if a couple already has a child or children, they can experience difficulty in getting pregnant later. This is called secondary infertility.



Reference: HealthDay, Top Infertility Myths

Healthline,  7 Popular Infertility Myths, Debunked by Experts

What Is Healing Touch Used For?

Healing touch is a type of energy treatment that uses gentle touch to improve and support mental, physical, and spiritual health. It has a therapeutic impact because imbalances and disruptions in the body, mind, or spirit can obstruct its natural flow.

Qualified experts can use this method to help patients they are treating regain energy balance by activating energy fields in the body through touch.

healing touch

What is healing touch?

Janet Mentgen developed healing touch in the late 1980s. Through her work as a nurse, Mentgen understood the importance of energy and the therapeutic effects of touch, and she formally established healing touch as an energy medicine program in 1989.

Healing touch is a heart-centered energy treatment that employs gentle, focused touch to balance physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual well-being.  It is based on the idea that humans are energy fields that are constantly interacting with people and the environment. The objective is to use the energetic contact between the practitioner and the patient to intentionally restore harmony to the patient’s energy system.

What is healing touch used for?

Healing touch is beneficial in calming anxiety and reducing symptoms of depression, decreasing pain, strengthening the immune system, enhancing recovery from surgery, supplementing care for neck and spine problems, deepening spiritual connection, creating a sense of well-being, easing acute and chronic conditions, and supporting resiliency in health care providers. Additionally, it is a non-invasive, safe approach used to improve quality of life and alleviate symptoms associated with cancer therapy at any point of the journey.

Reduced anxiety and sadness

Anxiety and despair are prevalent around the world. Personal, family, and communal difficulties may contribute to these negative feelings. Healing touch can be able to relieve suffering of that pain. For example, it has been demonstrated to lessen anxiety when applied before a medical operation. It also has the added benefit of enhancing mood, and vitality, and reducing sadness.

Pain reduction

A variety of factors, including past pain experience and unique body chemistry and structure, have a negative effect on pain experience. Biofield treatments, such as healing touch, can impact a pain response in a variety of ways, including the physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual elements of being. When compared to individuals who got progressive muscle relaxation, healing touch relieves chronic and severe pain caused by a spinal cord injury more effectively.

Better immune system function

The immune system is one of the body’s most essential defenses. Without a strong immune system, one can easily become infected with a variety of viruses and harmful bacteria. This results in a wide range of symptoms such as colds, chronic diseases, and serious infections. Healing touch’s purpose is to promote healing and boost the body’s ability to heal, which needs a strong immune system. Healing touch appears to promote this key defensive mechanism either directly or indirectly, maybe through stress regulation.

Boost surgery recovery

The human body’s reaction to surgery can vary and influence many of its systems on a physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual level. The body utilizes pain to detect that an injury has happened, and in this situation, the trigger event is a surgical incision and either removal or addition. Recovery is frequently expressed in a variety of ways, such as the absence of difficulties, the use of medicine, the duration to discharge, and other aspects.

Cancer care support

Fear, worry, and loss are common reactions to a cancer diagnosis. The disease’s therapy phase concentrates on the eradication of cancer cells and can frequently have an influence on healthy tissue. Healing touch allows to provide a supportive environment for cancer patients. It may also help reduce some of the treatment’s negative effects and enhance the quality of life.

Improve your sleep

Healing touch improves relaxation while easing stress, discomfort, and tension, leading to better sleep. Because it boosts serotonin which is the key sleep hormone. Moreover, it also aids in the reduction of potentially sleep-disturbing substances and the enhancement of calming theta waves.

healing touch

How to do healing touch?

Healing touch can be conducted in or on a person’s energy field around the body. When working with the energy field, the practitioner moves their hands in the air around the body to cleanse, balance, or energize the field. You may feel nothing, hot or cold sensations, or tingling at times. In general, you will feel more at ease and calm. People commonly describe feeling extremely calm and serene during and after the session, which usually lasts 40 to 60 minutes. Regular sessions are encouraged since applying healing touch over time may have a cumulative impact.

Side effects

When employing healing touch on children, particularly infants and those with special needs, practitioners must be sensitive to nonverbal indications and accurately judge how long to work with them, which is often just for a brief session at first.

Moreover, the profound relaxation produced by the healing touch might cause minor drowsiness, lightheadedness, or confusion in vulnerable individuals. Individuals who have a history of low blood pressure, dehydration, anemia, vertigo, or syncope may be advised to take particular measures with body posture during treatment and to drink enough fluids before and after a session.

healing touch


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How To Treat Milk Blister?

Many breastfeeding mothers get a milk blister. Several therapies are available to alleviate symptoms and prevent further milk blister from developing.

milk blister

What is milk blister?

A milk blister is a little white dot that might occur on your nipple or areola when you’re breastfeeding or pumping. Milk blisters arise when a duct in your breast becomes clogged, resulting in thickened breast milk and a slower flow near your nipple’s opening.

A milk blister can also form when the skin develops over the entrance of a milk duct, causing milk to back up in the breast. In several situations, milk blisters aren’t uncomfortable and may even disappear after a few weeks with little to no at-home therapy. On the other hand, some women experience discomfort while nursing with a milk blister. Moreover, it can also cause mastitis, which is an inflammation and infection of the breast.

What does a milk blister look like?

Milk blebs or blisters typically appear as a little white or yellow area the size of a pinhead on your nipple, and they sometimes mimic a whitehead pimple. There may also be some redness or inflammation surrounding the milk blister, which some women report as causing pain when nursing.

A milk blister should not be confused with a bigger, less painful blister created by rubbing. These bigger, irritated nipple blisters are generally caused by pumping with nipple shields or an ill-fitting flange. This friction blister should heal rapidly once the cups on your pump are properly sized.

In addition, thrush which is a fungal infection that occurs on the nipples or breast that can cause extreme burning and agony during breastfeeding should not be confused with milk blister. Nipples with thrush are generally glossy and red, with many white spots. Thrush frequently requires the use of antifungal medications by both mom and baby.


Milk blister is believed to be generated by milk within a milk duct that has been sealed up by the epidermis, triggering an inflammatory response. Oversupply, pressure on that area of the breast, or any of the other common reasons for clogged ducts might be the underlying cause of a milk blister. Latch, suck, and tongue issues may contribute to blisters due to friction on the nipple tip.

Milk blisters can also be caused by thrush. It can manifest as little white spots on the nipple or as bigger white patches that clog one or more milk ducts. If you experience any blisters at the same time, thrush is likely to be the culprit.

milk blister

How to prevent milk blister?

These are some suggestions that help you to prevent milk blisters:

Alter the postures of breastfeeding

A strong latch, as well as a variety of postures throughout each feeding, can aid in the effective emptying of your ducts. Each time you sit down to nurse, try putting your new baby in a different nursing position.

Insert the pump

When you are not sure whether your baby did a good job with the breasts, plan a pumping session or two thereafter to completely drain the milk from your breasts is a good way to prevent a milk blister.

Eat healthily and stay hydrated

A well-nourished and hydrated mother has a greater likelihood of increasing her milk production. To that aim, follow a balanced breastfeeding diet and keep nutritious snacks and a water bottle on hand at your nursing station. Get enough of rest to keep your energy and milk levels up. If you have a milk blister, you may need to reduce your intake of saturated fat.

Wean with caution

Whether your baby begins to nurse less because they are sleeping through the night or they are just ready to give up the breast, weaning should be done gradually. Pump or hand-press your milk for a few minutes to alleviate any pain while your body adjusts to the new schedule.

How to treat milk blister?

When getting a milk blister, you should treat it right away. Because it’s not only uncomfortable but also leads to mastitis, a serious infection in the breast tissue.

Provide a warm compress before breastfeeding

Soak a towel in warm water and place it on your breast for about 15 minutes before each feeding. Allow your infant to nurse after gently rubbing your nipple dry. Warm water softens and expands the skin. Once your infant starts sucking, the blister will generally open naturally, providing immediate comfort. Avoid bursting the blister yourself, since this increases the risk of infection and the development of another painful milk blister in the future.

Bathe in Epsom salts

Epsom salts and a warm bath might also help loosen the afflicted skin. If you don’t have time to take a brief bath before feeding, you may quickly administer the Epsom salt with a shot glass. Fill a shot glass halfway with Epsom salt and warm water, then bend over so your nipple is over the shot glass. Allow it to soak in the Epsom salt solution for about 15 minutes before breastfeeding.

Use olive oil

Olive oil is a natural moisturizer that softens skin and has anti-inflammatory qualities. It helps soften the skin and ease the milk blister when a thin layer of skin clogs the milk duct. Try putting olive oil on a cotton ball and putting it in your bra. Before feeding the infant, change the cotton ball twice a day and gently rinse off any residue.

When using the cotton ball, make sure it is not squeezed too firmly against the skin, since too tight bras might produce milk blisters and plugged ducts, worsening your milk blister.

Frequently breastfeed

Maintaining constant milk flow via your milk ducts is one of the greatest methods to avoid a milk blister. Even after the milk blister has been removed, it is critical to nursing often to prevent the skin from resealing.

Use a pump to maintain the milk flowing through your milk ducts if you are away from your infant when the milk blister is removed. Wearing breast shells to ease pressure from garments on your nipples might also alleviate discomfort and aid in recovery.

milk blister

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What Health Screenings Should You Get?

Although regular health screenings bring many benefits, the overall screening coverage decreased slightly from 66.4% in 2017 to 63.0% in 2020, according to National Population Health Survey. Even if you feel perfectly well and have no symptoms or indications of illness, health screenings are still necessary to enhance your own health and to guarantee that you live a healthy lifestyle.


What is health screening?

Health screening is an effective method of identifying conditions that may develop into the disease at some point in the future, allowing for earlier intervention and management in the hope of reducing disease mortality and suffering.

Why are health screenings important?

Health screenings are an essential component of staying healthy, especially as you become older. Many deaths may be avoided if people had routine medical checkups as prescribed by their doctor.

Health screenings can uncover abnormalities at an early stage when the chance for effective treatment is highest. For example, colon cancer is the most preventable kind of cancer, although few symptoms often appear early in the disease’s progression. A regular inspection can detect and remove a colon polyp before it turns cancerous.

When you have the recommended health screenings, you’re taking a simple but crucial step toward a better quality of life.

Preparation for health screenings

To ensure the accurate results of health screenings, you need to follow the preparations:

  • Prior to the check-up, get at least 6 hours of sleep. Sleep deprivation can result in abnormalities in blood pressure, heart rate, and body temperature. The doctor may be unable to determine whether any change is truly abnormal.
  • Eat or drink nothing for at least 8 – 10 hours before the check-up. Water, on the other hand, is freely consumed to prevent dehydration effects on the program’s blood sugar and cholesterol tests.
  • Please avoid drinking alcohol for at least 24 hours before your visit, since drugs and alcohol may interfere with several tests.
  • If you are taking hypertension medication, you should continue to take it as prescribed by your doctor. Check with your doctor to see if you may delay your regular morning prescription until your blood sample is obtained.
  • If you have a chronic disease or other health issues, please bring any test results or medical reports to help with diagnosis.
  • Females should avoid 7 days before and after their menstrual cycle. Please notify the nurses upon arrival if you are menstruation on the day of your visit. You will be unable to do your urine, stool, and PAP smear tests since the presence of blood would result in false findings.


What health screenings should I get?

Your doctor will give screening recommendations based on the following criteria: gender, age, and health. Risk factors increase the probability of contracting an illness. They may include a family history of cancer, such as having a close member with the disease, as well as lifestyle choices like smoking. People with a family history of early coronary artery disease, for example, should get their cholesterol test.

Moreover, if a woman is pregnant, she may be checked for genetic and other problems that may damage her or her baby.

Here are some suggestions for health screenings based on gender that you can consider:

For woman

1. Blood pressure test
If your blood pressure is less than 120/80 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg), you should get it tested at least once every two years beginning at the age of 20. Annual screenings are suggested for persons aged 40 and above and those with disorders such as obesity that place them at risk of hypertension.

2. Cholesterol level test
This is a tool for determining your risk of acquiring heart disease or a stroke. If you’re 20 or older, you should get your cholesterol checked at least once every five years. If you are at risk for heart disease or stroke, consult your doctor to determine how often you should get this blood test.

3. PAP smear test
A PAP smear should be performed every three years beginning at the age of 21 and continuing until the age of 65. If you’re 30 or older, you can get the test every five years if you combine it with an HPV screening, which is a sexually transmitted disease that can lead to cervical cancer.

4. Breast cancer test
Check for breast cancer involves squeezing the breast between plates and capturing X-ray pictures. There has long been debate regarding when and how often a woman should have them, given that the risk of breast cancer grows with age and that false positives from regular screening may do more harm than benefit. Women should have a breast cancer test every two years beginning at the age of 50.

5. Blood glucose test

Women should get a blood glucose test every three years beginning at the age of 45 to monitor for diabetes or prediabetes. If you are obese and have a family history of diabetes, you should start sooner and get examined more frequently.

For men

1. Aortic aneurysm in the abdomen
Men aged 65 to 75 who have previously smoked should check for an abdominal aortic aneurysm. A computed tomography (CT) scan, ultrasonography, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination can assist in determining the existence, size, and extent of an aortic aneurysm. The most serious risk of this aortic bulge is a rupture, which might result in severe or deadly internal bleeding.

2. Blood cholesterol
All males aged 35 and up should get their blood cholesterol levels examined on a regular basis. Men who smoke, are overweight or obese, have a relative who had a heart attack before the age of 50, or have diabetes, high blood pressure, or a family history of heart disease should get their cholesterol examined at the age of 20.

3. Blood pressure
Every male should have his blood pressure monitored on a regular basis, and those with additional cardiovascular risk factors should have it checked even more frequently. High blood pressure is the leading cause of heart disease and a substantial risk factor for numerous serious health problems.

4. Colon cancer
By the age of 50, all males should check for colorectal (colon or rectal) cancer. People who have a family history of colorectal cancer should obtain a colonoscopy as soon as possible. There are various tests that can aid in the detection of colon cancer, but colonoscopy remains the gold standard.

When should I consider getting a health screening?

Young people under 30 years old should have health screenings every two years, an annual PAP smear test, and monthly breast self-examinations if there is no strong family history of cancer or early heart disease. Adults over the age of 30 should get an annual health screening. Many diseases, such as diabetes and high blood cholesterol, have no early warning signs or symptoms.
Therefore, planning your health screening ahead of time can improve your quality of life and your health.

What should I do after health screenings?

If your screening results are normal, you should continue to have frequent screenings. When you experience any signs or symptoms following your test, please contact your doctor immediately and do not wait for your next screening appointment.

If your screening results are abnormal, you should consult your doctor. Early treatment and effective control of your illness can improve results and avoid severe problems.


About MaNaDr health screening

MaNaDr health screening offers 3 packages: Essential, Comprehensive and Extensive packages. Here are the screening tests included in each package:

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What Is Diabetmin Used For?

Diabetmin treats excessive blood sugar levels caused by insufficient insulin production or usage in the body, which is also called type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is a prescription drug that not only reduces the quantity of glucose but also improves the body’s reaction to insulin.


What is diabetmin used for?

Diabetmin is an anti-diabetic medication. Anti-diabetic medications are a type of medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. It works by reducing the quantity of sugar produced by the liver and absorbed by the intestines. It also makes your body more sensitive to the insulin you generate naturally.

Diabetmin may also be used in conjunction with other medications to address certain diseases as prescribed by a doctor. Diabetmin is used in conjunction with sulphonylureas to decrease total cholesterol levels in the blood, although it may raise the risk of hypoglycemia.

Notably, it cannot be used to treat high blood sugar levels since insulin synthesis is not present (type 1 diabetes mellitus).

How to use diabetmin?

Before beginning to use diabetmin, read the directions on the product label, patient guide, or medication guide issued by the drug company or your pharmacist. If you have any questions about this medication, ask your doctor or pharmacist about your problems. Take this medication exactly as directed by your doctor.
Diabetmin tablet should be taken with meals. This medication should be taken two or three times a day with meals and often taken in the evening. Diabetmin is often administered in doses of 850 mg once daily or 500 mg (not more than 2550 mg in a day). For youngsters, the normal starting dosage is 500 mg twice a day (not more than 2000 mg in children 10-16 years). Diabetmin’s maximum adult dosage per day is 2550 mg. You should store diabetmin at room temperature (20°-25° C), away from moisture and light. Do not forget to keep the medication out of the reach of children and pets.


Diabetmin side effects  

Side effects differ from person to person. Consult your doctor if any of the following symptoms continue:

  • Diarrhea, gas, headache, indigestion, nausea, stomach upset, metallic taste, and vomiting
  • Severe allergic reactions (rash, hives, itching, difficulty breathing, swelling of the mouth, face, lips, or tongue);
  • Chest pain or discomfort;
  • Dizziness;
  • Fast or difficult breathing;
  • Fever, chills, or persistent sore throat;
  • Muscle pain or weakness;
  • Slow or irregular heartbeat;
  • Unusual drowsiness;
  • Unusual or persistent stomach pain or discomfort

Your doctor may advise you to take this medication in an extended-release version to reduce the potential side effects. The extended-release drug helps to keep the medicine at a constant level in your body for a longer length of time.


Before using diabetmin, you should tell your doctor about your medical and health history, especially the following: kidney function abnormalities, liver function abnormalities, alcoholism, dehydration, heart attack, a high quantity of acid in the body (long-term metabolic acidosis), high levels of ketone acids in the blood (diabetic ketoacidosis), iodinated contrast agents through arteries, previous surgical experience, stroke.

You should limit alcohol drinking alcohol while using diabetmin. Because when people with alcoholism use diabetmin, impaired kidney and liver function may result in lactate accumulation in the body. Diabetmin usage before or during surgery may also raise the risk of fluid loss, low blood pressure, and renal function impairment.

Moreover, women who are pregnant or breastfeeding need to consult with a doctor about its potential side effects on the baby before using this drug.


Where can I buy diabetmin?

You can order diabetmin at our MaNaDr shop at a reasonable price. However, before purchasing, please consult your doctor carefully about the prescription.

What to do if you overdose on diabetmin?

Lactic acidosis is most often caused by a diabetmin overdose. Its symptoms include general discomfort or sickness, weakness, sore or aching muscles, difficulty breathing, unusual drowsiness, dizziness, or lightheadedness, unusual or unexplained stomach upset (after the initial stomach upset that may occur at the start of diabetmin therapy), and the sudden development of a slow or irregular heartbeat.

Hemodialysis is the most beneficial and successful procedure for removing excessive quantities of lactate and diabetmin. Hemodialysis is a blood purification procedure that removes toxic elements from the body.

What should I do if I forget to take a dose?

If you forget to take a dosage, you should as soon as you remember and use it with meals. If your next dosage is approaching, take only the regular dose. Do not increase your dose or take more medicine to compensate for a missing dose.

How often should I take diabetmin?

The primary frequency for diabetmin users is twice or three a day. Patients are, however, encouraged to strictly follow the prescription of their doctor.

Can I stop taking diabetmin right away, or do I have to wean myself off gradually?

Because of the medicine’s rebound effect, it is usually preferable to gradually discontinue the usage of some medications in specific instances. Contact your doctor since expert advice on your health, drugs, and other recommendations are required in this instance to provide you with a stable health state.


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Bipolar Disorder: Meaning, Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatments

According to a 2016 Singapore Mental Health Study conducted by the Institute of Mental Health (IMH), bipolar disorder affects roughly 1.6 percent of the adult population or one in every 63 persons. Let’s learn more about bipolar disorder!

bipolar disorder

What is bipolar disorder?

Bipolar disorder (also known as manic-depressive disease or manic depression) is a mental condition that leads to extraordinary mood changes, energy levels, attention problems, and the inability to carry out daily duties.

You may feel gloomy or hopeless when you are depressed, and you may lose interest or pleasure in most activities. In contrast, you also may feel ecstatic, full of energy, or abnormally irritated when your mood changes to mania or hypomania (a milder form of mania). Sleep, energy, activity, judgment, conduct, and the capacity to think clearly can all be affected by mood fluctuations.

Bipolar disorder includes three main types:

  • Bipolar I: At least one manic episode is required for bipolar I to be diagnosed. Before and after the manic period, you may encounter hypomanic or serious depressive episodes, which are less severe than manic episodes People of both sexes are affected equally by this type of bipolar illness.
  • Bipolar II: Patients have at least one major depressive episode that lasts at least two weeks. They also experience at least one 4-day hypomanic episode. This kind of bipolar illness may be more common among women.
  • Cyclothymia: Hypomania and sadness are common symptoms of cyclothymia. These episodes are characterized by symptoms that are shorter and less severe than those associated with bipolar I or bipolar II illness, such as mania and depression.

Bipolar disorder symptoms

A person with bipolar disorder may experience distinct manic or depressive episodes, but they may also go for long periods of time without experiencing any symptoms. Both extremes can be experienced at the same time or in fast succession.

Mania and hypomania

They are two different types of episodes with similar characteristics. Mania is more severe than hypomania, and it results in more obvious issues at work, school, and social activities, as well as relationship problems. Mania can sometimes lead to a disconnection from reality (psychosis), which necessitates hospitalization.

These signs are present in both a manic and hypomanic episode:

  • Unusually enthusiastic, jumpy, or wired
  • Increased activity, energy, or agitation
  • Exaggerated feelings of happiness and self-assurance (euphoria)
  • Reduced sleep requirements
  • Unusual talkativeness
  • Distractibility
  • Poor decision-making, taking sexual risks or making risky investments


A major depressive episode is defined as a set of symptoms that are severe enough to impair daily activities such as job, school, social activities, or relationships. The following symptoms appear during an episode:

  • Sad, empty, hopeless, or crying moods
  • Almost all activities have a noticeable loss of interest or enjoyment.
  • Significant weight loss, weight gain, or a reduction or increase in appetite when not dieting
  • Insomnia
  • Either agitation or a sluggish pace
  • Fatigue or a lack of energy
  • Feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate and excessive guilt
  • Indecisiveness or a decreased capacity to focus
  • Thinking about suicide

bipolar disorder



If a child’s parents or siblings have bipolar disorder, the possibility of having the disease are higher. However, genetics does not always play a role. A person born into a family with a history of bipolar disorder may never acquire the illness. According to research on identical twins, even if one twin has the condition, the other may not.


A stressful event, such as a family member’s death, sickness, a tense relationship, divorce, or financial difficulties, might set off a manic or depressed episode. As a result, a person’s stress management may have a role in the disorder’s progression.

Abnormal brain structure

Although brain scans cannot diagnose bipolar disorder, researchers have discovered small changes in the average size or activity of certain brain areas in patients with the disease.


To determine if you have bipolar disorder, the psychiatrist will ask you a series of questions. Then, they will determine which therapies are best for you.

You’ll be questioned about your symptoms and when you first noticed them during the evaluation. The psychiatrist will also ask about how you feel before, during, and after an episode of mania or depression, as well as if you have any suicidal thoughts.

Moreover, you may answer something about your medical history and family history, particularly if any of your relatives have been diagnosed with bipolar illness. Additional tests are required to check if you have a medical condition, such as an underactive or overactive thyroid, depending on your symptoms.



Certain drugs can aid in the treatment of bipolar disorder symptoms. Some people may need to test a variety of drugs and work with their doctor to identify the ones that work best for them.

Mood stabilizers and second-generation antipsychotics are commonly used to treat bipolar disorder. Medications for sleep or anxiety may also be included in treatment strategies. Antidepressant medication is frequently used to treat depressive episodes in bipolar illness, with the antidepressant being combined with a mood stabilizer to avoid precipitating a manic episode.


Psychotherapy, sometimes known as “talk therapy,” can be an important aspect of a bipolar illness treatment regimen. It is a phrase that refers to a number of therapeutic approaches aimed at assisting a patient in identifying and changing problematic emotions, ideas, and actions. It can provide people with bipolar disorder and their family support, education, and advice. Therapies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychoeducation, which are used to treat a number of diseases, may be employed in treatment.

Treatment may also involve newer therapies such as interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT) and family-focused therapy, which are intended expressly for the treatment of bipolar illness. The stability of everyday rhythms such as sleeping, awakening, and mealtimes is the emphasis of IPSRT. Better mood regulation is possible with a steady schedule. Establishing a regular schedule for sleep, nutrition, and exercise can help those with bipolar disorder. Meanwhile, family support and communication can help you keep to your treatment plan and notice and handle warning signals of mood changes for you and your loved ones.

bipolar disorder

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Root Canal Treatment: What You Need To Know

A root canal is an anatomic space that exists naturally within the root of a tooth. Root canal treatment is a procedure used to restore and save a tooth that has become extremely decayed or diseased. Let’s learn more about root canal treatment.

root canal treatment

What is root canal treatment?

A root canal is the hollow area of a tooth that includes the pulp, which contains nerve tissue, blood vessels, and other cells.

Root canal therapy is a dental operation used to alleviate discomfort caused by an infected or abscessed tooth. The inflammatory pulp is removed during the root canal procedure. After cleaning and disinfecting the internal surfaces of the tooth, a filling is put to close the area.

When is a root canal needed?

A root canal treatment might save an infected or damaged tooth. The tooth might have gotten infected or injured due to decay, repetitive dental procedures, wear and tear, gum disease, broken fillings, or a dental accident.

Bacteria can proliferate within the tooth if the dental pulp is injured. This can result in an infection or abscess, which is a pus-filled pocket that forms at the tip of the tooth’s root.

These are some symptoms that you should consider to have a root canal treatment:

Persistent tooth pain

One of the indicators that you may require a root canal is persistent tooth discomfort. The pain in your tooth may bother you all the time, or it may go away for a while but then return.
If you experience severe tooth pain, you should see your dentist. Early detection and treatment of tooth pain usually result in a better prognosis.

Tooth sensitivity

If your tooth suffers when you drink hot coffee or consume ice cream, you may require root canal therapy. This is particularly true if the discomfort lasts longer than a few seconds.
Sensitivity might cause a subtle aching or acute pain. If the discomfort persists for a long period of time, even after you stop eating or drinking, you may require a root canal. If your tooth hurts when you eat or drink something hot or cold, it might mean that your tooth’s blood vessels and nerves are infected or damaged.

Swollen gums

Swollen gums surrounding a sore tooth may indicate a problem that necessitates a root canal. The swelling may appear and go. When you touch it, it may be sensitive or it may not be unpleasant.

You can possibly have a pimple on your gum. This is referred to as a gum boil, parulis, or abscess. The infection in the tooth may cause the pimple to flow pus. This might cause a nasty taste in your mouth and make your breath smell awful.

A broken or chipped tooth

Bacteria can enter a chipped or broken tooth, leading to pain and infection. Even if you hurt a tooth but it does not chip or shatter, the injury may still cause nerve damage. The nerve can become irritated, resulting in discomfort and sensitivity that may necessitate root canal therapy.

Teeth discoloration

Discolored teeth might be caused by an infection in the pulp of your tooth. Trauma to the tooth or collapse of the internal tissue can harm the root and cause the tooth to appear grayish-black.

How root canal treatment is done?

A root canal can be performed by a dentist or endodontist who specializes in the causes, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of illnesses and damage to the tooth’s pulp or nerve.  The method will go as follows:


Before beginning root canal therapy, your dentist may take X-rays of the problematic tooth. This allows them to get a good image of the root canal and determine the degree of any damage. Local anesthesia, a painkilling drug that numbs your affected tooth and the gum around it, is commonly used during root canal therapy. In rare circumstances, a local anesthetic may not be required when the tooth has died and is no longer sensitive.

Removing the pulp

During treatment, your dentist will place a rubber dam around the tooth to keep it dry and free of saliva. The dam also prevents you from ingesting or inhaling any chemicals used by the dentist. To access the soft tissue in the center of the tooth, your dentist will use a drill to open your tooth through the crown, the flat section at the top. They will next remove any remaining contaminated pulp. Your dentist will be able to drain a dental abscess, which is a pus-filled swelling, at the same time.

Seal and fill the tooth

If you have an infection, the dentist may place medicine into the tooth to treat it. Others may decide to seal the tooth on the same day that it is cleaned, otherwise, a temporary filling is put in the tooth’s external hole to keep saliva and food out between sessions.

In the next session, a sealer paste and a rubber compound known as gutta-percha are inserted into the root canal to fill the inside of the tooth. To seal the access hole established at the start of therapy, a filler will be placed.

Add a crown

A crown is a cap that fully surrounds a natural tooth. To protect the tooth from shattering following root canal therapy, a crown may be required. The dentist will use a drill to lower the size of your tooth and then replace it with a crown. A mold of your teeth will be obtained to verify that the crown is the correct form and size for your tooth. Cement will be used to bond the crown to the trimmed-down tooth during the fitting process. If just a tiny portion of the tooth remains following root canal therapy, a post can be cemented in the root canal and utilized to assist maintain the crown in place.

root canal treatment

How long does root canal treatment take?

Root canal therapy may need one or two sessions depending on the extent of illness in your tooth. A root canal typically takes 30 to 60 minutes. However, it can take up to an hour and a half for treatment on a big tooth with many roots.

What to do after root canal treatment?

Following your root canal treatment, your repaired tooth with the new crown should function normally and be cosmetically attractive. Your repaired tooth might last a lifetime if you practice appropriate dental and oral care. The tooth may be sensitive for a few days following your root canal. Nonprescription pain relievers can be beneficial. If the discomfort or pressure persists for longer than a few days, consult your dentist or endodontist.

How painful is root canal treatment?

One of the most common concerns about this type of therapy is that it would be unpleasant, however, treatment performed by a qualified dental surgeon should be rather painless.

The pain is caused by the infection. The therapy does not induce pain; rather, it helps to relieve it. The dental surgeon will make the treatment less painful by numbing the tooth and surrounding region using a local anesthetic.

Side effects

Root canals have the following side effects:

  • Pain: Root canal therapy includes disinfecting the root canal and removing all of the pulp from the canal chambers. The pulp, which is packed with nerve endings, is located in the canals near the middle of the tooth. As a result, one of the adverse effects of root canal therapy may be discomfort for a few days.
  • Swelling: Any long-standing infection associated with a dead tooth may flare up when mechanical cleaning or the chemicals used during root canal treatment aggravate it. This can cause a response in the body, resulting in swelling for a brief period of time.
  • Tooth fracture: The sole long-term negative effect of root canal treatment is increased brittleness of the treated tooth. The root canal operation also necessitates extensive removal of tooth structure. This implies that by the time the root canal treatment is finished, the treated tooth is significantly more prone to fracture than it was before.
  • Tooth color change: The color of a root canal-treated tooth might darken over time. The color change is normally not a concern because an artificial cap covers the tooth. Nevertheless, in certain circumstances, it can be an issue when the necessity for a cap is not realized.

root canal treatment

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Trypophobia: Meaning, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments

People suffering from trypophobia have fear of holes. When patients observe a pattern of small clustered holes, trypophobia causes sensations such as dread, revulsion, and anxiety. Let’s learn more about trypophobia!



What is trypophobia?

Trypophobia, often known as “fear of holes,” is an aversion or fear of clusters of holes, bumps, or patterns. When people with trypophobia see patterns made up of holes or spots, they have significant physical and emotional reactions. The larger the cluster of holes is, the more makes people feel uncomfortable.

What causes trypophobia?

Evolutionary causes

According to one of the most common ideas, trypophobia is an evolutionary response to items that are connected with sickness or danger. Such holes or lumps can be found on diseased skin, parasites, and other infectious disorders, for example. Therefore, people with trypophobia are more disgusted than afraid when they see a trigger object.

Dangerous animals

According to another notion, people may be afraid of clustered holes resembling the skin and coat patterns of several poisonous animals.

For instance, people who suffer from trypophobia subconsciously correlate the appearance of a honeycomb with harmful species that have similar fundamental visual traits, such as rattlesnakes. While people may not be aware of the connection, it might be the source of their revulsion or dread.

Infectious pathogens

Participants in a 2017 study tended to link hole patterns with skin-transmitted diseases. When exposed to such patterns, study participants experienced itching and crawling on their skin.

An adaptive evolutionary response to possible dangers includes disgust or terror. In many circumstances, these sensations help us avoid danger. From this, researchers believe that trypophobia is an overgeneralized and exaggerated version of this ordinarily adaptive reaction.

Visual characteristics

Trypophobia may stem from the visual qualities of the patterns. When people see trypophobic patterns, they feel uncomfortable due to the visual patterns themselves rather than connections with deadly creatures. Such findings raise the question of whether trypophobia is a true phobia or only a normal reaction to particular types of visual stimuli.

Other disorders

Patients with trypophobia tend to have anxiety and depression symptoms. Trypophobia symptoms are also shown to be persistent, resulting in functional deficits in daily life. Rather than other illnesses such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), the symptoms were more likely to fulfill the DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for specific phobias.

Trypophobia symptoms

If you have trypophobia, gazing at an object or surface with small clusters of holes or forms that resemble holes will usually make you feel disgusted and uneasy. When you think about anything that has this look, you could feel repulsed, uncomfortable, or nervous.

The following are examples of possible symptoms:

  • goosebumps, chills, or a crawling feeling on your skin
  • nausea or gagging
  • sweating
  • a fast heartbeat
  • lightheadedness or dizziness
  • eye strain, distortions, or illusions are all examples of visual discomfort.
  • an overall feeling of unease or sorrow
  • a strong urge to remove oneself from an image or item
  • panic emotions or a panic attack
  • trembling or shaking


How to diagnose trypophobia?

You may find out whether you have trypophobia by taking the online trypophobia test. The trypophobia test consists of the following steps:

First, a variety of pictures are displayed. Patterns or clusters of holes can be found in some of the photos, while others do not. Then, you have to spend an estimated time looking at each image. At the end of the test, it compares your estimations for seeing trypophobic and neutral pictures (those without holes) and offers you the result.

Trypophobia treatments

Exposure therapy

People with trypophobia which interrupts their daily routines, lowers their self-esteem or causes anxiety can get exposure therapy. It is the most commonly regarded treatment for overcoming phobias.

You start by looking at relatively innocuous triggering pictures while utilizing a relaxation technique, such as deep breathing, and telling yourself that you are not in any danger, either on your own or with the support of a therapist. Then, you gradually get the ability to gaze at the pictures that previously seemed the most dangerous until you understand nothing is wrong.



Medications are occasionally used to treat phobias, even though exposure treatment is the preferred way.

Beta-blockers and sedatives, which block the effects of adrenaline in the body, can help you manage the symptoms of various phobias, especially in the short term.

Relaxation technique

Different relaxation techniques can also help with sensations of revulsion, dread, or worry. Some tactics that may be beneficial include visualization, deep breathing, and gradual muscular relaxation.

Visualization entails imagining relaxing visuals or scenarios. When confronted with anything covered in small holes, a person with trypophobia could try to imagine a lovely sunset or a field of flowers.

A simple diversion might sometimes be an effective coping mechanism. If you see anything that makes you feel trypophobic, you can just turn aside and think about or look at something else until your symptoms subside.

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What You Should Know About Melatonin Gummies?

Melatonin gummies are common supplements for sleep. Here’s everything you should know about melatonin gummies, including dosage and uses, as well as potential side effects.

melatonin gummies

What are melatonin gummies?

According to National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, melatonin is a hormone produced by your brain in reaction to darkness. It aids in the timing of your circadian rhythms (24-hour internal clock) as well as your sleep. Light exposure at night can inhibit melatonin synthesis.

Melatonin gummies have been utilized in alternative medicine as a potentially helpful treatment for insomnia. Moreover, they may also be useful in treating jet lag, high blood pressure, malignancies, low blood platelets, and sleeplessness.

How do melatonin gummies work?

Melatonin gummies may enhance sleep by increasing melatonin levels in people whose systems generate insufficient amounts of this hormone. They may also help people having adequate melatonin but still have trouble sleeping for other reasons. Melatonin alters the way the body reacts to darkness, allowing it to enter a cycle of nocturnal sleep. Light exposure at night, particularly light from computer and television displays, has been shown to decrease the body’s natural melatonin synthesis and interrupt sleep. Similarly, those who sleep during the day because they work at night may not release melatonin at bedtime. Melatonin gummies can assist in counteracting this effect.

melatonin gummies

How effective are melatonin gummies?

Melatonin gummies are a popular way to consume this supplement since they are convenient and delicious. They are also just as effective as other forms of this medication, such as capsules and tablets.

Melatonin supplements are generally regarded as safe and effective. It is important to remember, however, that melatonin may not be effective for everyone. Some people find that a larger amount of melatonin is required to fall asleep, while others find that a smaller quantity is sufficient.

If you are thinking about using a melatonin supplement, see your doctor first to ensure that no side effects happen.

How much should you take melatonin gummies?

To avoid morning tiredness or midday sleepiness, take 1 mg and 5 mg of melatonin gummies overnight at the lowest therapeutic dose. While it is safe to take every night, you had better begin with the smallest quantity and gradually increase to discover the dose that works best for you. Melatonin gummies have few negative effects, however, some people report headaches, nausea, dizziness, and irritability. To avoid some of these adverse effects, stick to the lowest dose possible.

When to take melatonin gummies?

Melatonin should be taken 30 to 60 minutes before going to bed. This is because melatonin usually begins to function after 30 minutes when levels in your blood rise.

However, the optimal time to take melatonin varies from person to person. Medication is absorbed in varying rates in different people. To begin, take melatonin 30 minutes before going to bed. You may change the timing based on how long it takes you to fall asleep.

What happens if you overdose on melatonin gummies?

It is crucial to note that a supplement does not rule out the possibility of undesired or problematic side effects. Higher dosages of melatonin have been linked to negative side effects.

Melatonin overdose symptoms may include:

  • Headache
  • Hypotension (low blood pressure)
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Drowsiness
  • Vomiting
  • Worsening of alopecia areata (an autoimmune disorder causing hair loss)

Because melatonin can influence the cardiovascular, dermatologic, and central neurological systems, those who have other diseases may be at risk. Melatonin supplementations may cause depression, especially in people who are prone to or are presently suffering from the condition.

People who use blood thinners, such as warfarin, and benzodiazepines should carefully consider using melatonin gummies since there is a risk of interaction. Those suffering from epilepsy should particularly take caution, as melatonin has been linked to an increase in seizures.

Elderly adults, who have lower natural melatonin levels, may be more vulnerable to the effects of melatonin supplementation. Therefore, they should see their doctor before using melatonin and begin with the lowest feasible dose.

Is melatonin harmful to children?

Children appear to be especially susceptible to the prospective effects of this supplement on reproductive hormones. Melatonin may be linked to puberty delays, irregular menstruation, and prolactin overproduction.

Melatonin may also lower blood pressure or serum glucose levels. Before beginning melatonin, children taking other drugs or have conditions that impair these systems should visit their doctor.

Melatonin should only be given to youngsters under the supervision of a doctor. The majority of children’s sleep problems are treatable by behavioral modifications such as adequate sleep hygiene and cognitive treatment.

Side effects

Even while melatonin is largely safe, it can occasionally cause moderate adverse effects. Melatonin side effects are similar in children and adults. Melatonin consumption may result in the following adverse effects: anxiety, dizziness, headache, fatigue, nausea, and drowsiness during the day. If you develop swelling, trouble breathing, or hives while taking melatonin, you may be allergic to it and should seek medical attention in an emergency hospital.

melatonin gummies

Who should avoid taking melatonin?

Melatonin may have an effect on the reproductive system, particularly in teens. It should also not be used by women while nursing or pregnant. Melatonin should be used with caution by those who have specific disorders, such as type 1 diabetes, epilepsy, or autoimmune diseases. Patients awaiting organ transplants and those using blood thinners should do the same. If you are one of these categories, you should see your doctor before taking melatonin.

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The Guidelines For Neutropenic Diet

Neutropenia is a condition in which the neutrophil count in your blood is abnormally low. Neutrophils are white blood cells that are capable of killing bacteria. When your neutrophils are low, a neutropenic diet may assist to lower your risk of food-borne illnesses. Raw, undercooked, or unprocessed meals, which may contain huge concentrations of dangerous bacteria and mold, are more likely to cause illness.

neutropenic diet

What is neutropenia?

Neutropenia is a blood disorder characterized by decreased neutrophil counts, which are white blood cells that defend the body from infection. Your body won’t be able to fight bacteria if you don’t have enough neutrophils. Neutropenia puts you at risk for a variety of infections.

Neutropenic symptoms

Symptoms of neutropenia can range from minor to severe. The symptoms get more severe as the neutrophil count drops. They include fever, pneumonia, sinus infections, otitis media,  gum inflammation, navel infection, and skin abscesses.

Severe congenital neutropenia can manifest itself in a variety of ways. Bacterial infections are common symptoms. These infections can form on the skin, in the digestive system, and in the lungs. Symptoms of cyclic neutropenia repeat every three weeks. When the level of neutrophils gets lower, infections can become more common.

What is a neutropenic diet?

A neutropenic diet is good for people suffering from neutropenia or compromised immune systems. Their body may have difficulty protecting itself from harmful bacteria if their immune system isn’t working properly. This diet allows them to completely destroy bacteria and other dangerous organisms in some foods and beverages before eating

A neutropenic diet lowers the risk of food poisoning by avoiding certain foods and practicing careful food handling and storage. This diet is most typically utilized in the following situations:

  • Patients with hematology
  • Cancer patients
  • Transplant recipients
  • Patients suffering from Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

Dietary limitations to decrease the risk of infection must be weighed against the need to ensure that patients receive appropriate nourishment, especially because some may have elevated nutritional demands. This is critical to ensuring that patients benefit from the treatment they are getting.

Neutropenic diet guideline

This diet’s core principles include practicing appropriate food safety and avoiding items that are more likely to expose you to germs and bacteria.

Foods to include

This is the list of foods recommended to include in the neutropenic diet:

  • Meat and alternatives: well-cooked meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and tofu; canned meat and meat products; roasted or cooked nuts, and seeds; packaged peanut butter
  • Milk products: Pasteurized milk products, yogurt, and cheese; ready-to-drink eggnog
  • Grain products: baked and well-cooked bread, pasta, rice, and cereals
  • Fruits and vegetables: well-cooked fruits and vegetables, as well as pasteurized fruit and vegetable juices; canned fruits and vegetables
  • Dessert: baked and shelf-stable desserts,  milkshakes prepared from packaged ice cream.
  • Drinking safe tap water from a city or municipal water system

Foods to avoid

When following a Neutropenic Diet, the primary foods to avoid include:

  • Seafood and raw meats (including sushi)
  • Fresh nut butter or raw nuts
  • Any foods containing raw eggs (including homemade mayonnaise)
  • Aged and soft cheeses
  • Unpasteurized cheeses, milk, fruit juices, and vegetable juices
  • Kefir and other fermented dairy products
  • Cereals and grains in bulk
  • Undercooked or raw brewer’s yeast
  • Non-refrigerated cream-filled pastries
  • Uncooked sprouts of alfalfa, bean, and clover
  • Honeycomb or raw honey
  • Lake, spring, stream, or well water
  • Water with herbal additives
  • Salsas from the grocery shop, refrigerated

Food preparation

Hand washing is the first and most critical step in food safety. For 20 seconds, wash your hands with warm soapy water. Rinse fresh fruits and vegetables well under warm running water. To eliminate additional dirt, scrub or brush the vegetables. You should even clean peeled melon, oranges, and other thick-skinned fruits before eating to avoid introducing bacteria into the fruit when cutting it. Separate cutting boards should be used for meat and produce, and wooden cutting boards should be avoided. To serve prepared food, use clean plates. Never reuse a dish that has previously held raw meat or fish unless it has been thoroughly cleaned with soap and warm water.

neutropenic diet

Food storage

In terms of storing foods, you should consider the following guidelines:

  • Keep food on the counter no longer than necessary.
  • Make sure you set the refrigerator to 40 degrees Fahrenheit (F) or lower.
  • Bacteria thrive at temperatures ranging from 40 to 140 degrees F.
  • Refrigerate or freeze fresh or frozen food as soon as possible after purchase.
  • Refrigerate or freeze leftovers within two hours after consumption.
  • Eat leftovers within 48 hours and warm only once. Open packets of commercially marketed hot dogs, deli meats, cheeses, and other packaged products are included.
  • Refrigerate or freeze food as soon as possible after purchase.
  • Defrost food in the refrigerator, in cold water, or by microwaving and then cooking immediately. Food should not be defrosted on the counter.
  • When putting hot food in a refrigerator, the temperature inside might rise. To fast chill hot food, place it in a shallow pan or dish.

Tips to follow a neutropenic diet

You can ask caregivers to prepare some of your favorite meals at home and try frozen or commercially prepared foods.

When you go out, you should bring snacks with you, such as protein bars, packaged roasted almonds, packaged crackers, canned soda, seltzer, or juice as well. When serving, make sure the meal is blistering hot and fully cooked. Select freshly prepared goods from trusted sources. Salad bars, street sellers, market stalls, and ice cream trucks should be avoided.

Moreover, it is critical that you eat healthy meals to assist your body in fighting bacterial illnesses, obtaining effective treatment, and enhancing overall body strength.

neutropenic diet

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How To Fix Cavities Between Teeth?

A cavity between two teeth is considered an interproximal cavity. Interproximal cavities appear when the enamel wears away and bacteria adheres to the tooth, causing decay. This article will suggest to you the way to fix cavities between teeth.

cavities between teeth

Signs of cavities between teeth

Cavities symptoms differ based on the degree and location of the cavity. When a cavity is just getting started, you may not notice any symptoms at all. As the deterioration progresses, it may produce signs and symptoms such as:

  • Toothache, spontaneous pain, or pain with no apparent reason
  • Teeth sensitivity
  • Pain while eating or drinking something sweet, spicy or cold.
  • Visible pits or holes in your teeth
  • Brown, black, or white stains on any surface of a tooth
  • Pain when you bite down

cavities between teeth

What causes cavities between teeth?

According to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, mouths are always fighting to keep cavities free. Acid is formed when naturally occurring bacteria in the mouth react with the carbohydrates you consume. This acid will begin to demineralize the tooth enamel, generating white patches that indicate dental weakness. Your teeth lose minerals as you eat and drink throughout the day, a process known as demineralization. When your body is unable to replenish what you lose, it might become a problem. Demineralization can cause irreparable damage to the enamel, resulting in the formation of cavities.

Diagnose interproximal cavities between teeth

Interproximal cavities are more difficult to notice visually because they occur in the narrow areas between teeth. A bite-wing x-ray is often utilized to obtain an accurate diagnosis. It allows the dentist to discover such cavities in their early stages.

Fluoride treatment can be administered to remineralize the afflicted tooth if the patient’s interproximal cavity has not progressed more than halfway through the enamel. Fillings are the conventional therapy if the cavity has progressed past the enamel. Because composite resin fillings may be color-matched to the person’s teeth, they are recommended for this role.

How to fix cavities between teeth?


Remineralization is a natural process for tooth repair. Your body deposits calcium and phosphate minerals from your saliva in your enamel.

It replaces lost minerals in the teeth, keeping them strong and preventing tooth decay. Remineralization agents help the enamel absorb minerals like calcium and phosphate, which strengthens it. Fluoride, a mineral added to water, helps prevent dental decay and makes enamel more resistant to acid degradation.

Dental filling

A filling is a dental restoration that fills a hole or cavity in the tooth. After the dentist removes the decay, a filling is inserted to restore function and aesthetics. Moreover, it helps in the prevention of additional dental damage and tooth loss. When choosing fillings, you should be informed of the various types available, including:

  • Amalgam fillings: Silver, tin, copper, and mercury are used to make them. It is tough, durable, and less costly than other forms of fillings.
  • Composite fillings: These are created from resin and plastic. It is softly inserted into the hollow and then solidified with a brilliant blue “curing” light.
  • Glass ionomer fillers: These are constructed of glass and acrylic. They are weaker, which makes them preferable for youngsters whose teeth are changing.
  • Gold fillings: These are extremely durable, but they are also highly costly, hence they are not often used.

Root canal

When a cavity reaches the pulp, a root canal may be required to repair and save a significantly damaged or infected tooth rather than removing it. The infected tooth pulp is extracted. To remove any infection, medication is occasionally inserted into the root canal. The pulp is then replaced with a filling. Potential infections and dental abscesses are also treated.


A dental crown is constructed of porcelain, ceramic, metal alloys, or a mix of two components that protects weak or damaged teeth. These restorations are frequently the last stage in a root canal treatment. However, if decay has damaged a tooth around a filling and the hole is too wide, your dentist may use a crown to seal off the region and provide support for the tooth.

Even brushing twice a day for the prescribed two minutes will not eliminate plaque and bacteria from the grooves and fissures in your teeth. Flossing at least once or twice a day and limiting your intake of sugary foods and drinks are the greatest ways to help prevent interproximal cavities from developing.


Cavities can cause teeth to be so seriously damaged that extraction is the only alternative. This is typically the situation with severe cavities when the cavities have so badly damaged the tooth that it cannot be healed and must be extracted. The root must be retrieved, often known as pulling.

Tooth extraction is a very straightforward process that will include the use of a local anesthetic to numb the region. The entire tooth, including the root, will then be extracted by your dental surgeon. In some circumstances, the bone grafting material will be inserted into the extraction socket. The entire treatment takes around an hour on average.

How to prevent cavities between teeth?

Maintain a good oral hygiene practice

Brush your teeth twice a day and floss once a day to keep bacteria at bay in your mouth. To strengthen and remineralize your teeth, use fluoride toothpaste.

Reduce your sugar consumption

Limit your intake of sugary, sweet, or acidic foods to reduce your chances of dental decay. Choose tooth-friendly foods such as carrots, apples, and celery instead.

Avoid tobacco products

Tobacco usage and smoking can impair your oral health, producing discoloration, decay, and even gum disease. To keep your tongue and body healthy, avoid these goods.

Maintain regular dental visits

Professional cleanings and frequent checkups are required to maintain excellent dental health. Your dentist can remove plaque and diagnose any potentially dangerous conditions early on.

Use hydroxyapatite toothpaste

Brush your teeth with hydroxyapatite toothpaste instead of fluoride toothpaste. This aids in the restoration of your enamel without the negative side effects associated with fluoride.

Using a fluoride gel allows to remineralize teeth, however, fluoride can have a number of negative side effects. Instead, hydroxyapatite is equally effective as fluoride, yet it is safer to use.

Remember to brush your teeth before going to bed to reduce nighttime plaque accumulation.

cavities between teeth

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